Key Points from the Thematic Hearing on Mobility

Key points

  • We need to define emergency – carrying on with ‘business as usual’ procedures and attitudes is not an option
  • We need to consider decarbonisation of transport according to the following hierarchy:
    • First – reduce the need to travel at all
    • Second – increase journeys through sustainable options e.g. active travel, mass/public transport (ideally low/no emission options)
    • Third – electrify what is left
  • We must ensure a Just Transition – making sustainable options accessible to all including lower income and rural communities
  • Public procurement is potentially a key opportunity to promote innovation and sustainability

Key Actions Barriers / issues Overcoming barriers / Opportunities
Spatial and transport planning better linked with sustainable transport / sense of place as a priority
· Planning emphasis / local strategic plans less car oriented and focus on the maximum way to reduce car use and block car dependency
· New developments foster a sense of place and desire less travel
· Include transport planning in provision of health services
· High quality mixed use brown field development style
· Political will / barriers to implementation – local officers lack empowerment to make difficult decisions
· National appeals often overturn local decisions
· Financial viability
· Need to plan energy infrastructure for the next 50 years now – based on projected demand
· Use of sticks to address behaviour can be challenging

· Planning guidance applied to every development from Jan 2020
· Research to understand what solutions are politically easier to implement
· Learn from European examples (including role of politicians in advocating change)
· Can emergency planning powers overcome national decisions? / Devolution?
· Draft transport strategy for Exeter – prioritise developments with transport hubs and modal transport systems
· Crowd source consultations and design
· Mobility hubs linked to renewable energy
· Introduce charges for allocated parking space on new developments but provide good public transport links
Delivering real improvements to sustainable travel routes by reallocation of road space
· Physically segregated walking and cycling (not just lines in the road) – make it safe
· Better use of filtered permeability
· More powerfully make the case for reallocation of road space to get schemes over the finish line

· Financial viability
· Historic infrastructure (Victorian)

· Learn from European examples (including role of politicians in advocating change)
· Reallocating spending for road improvements on sustainable travel routes instead – planning streets for people not cars
· Promoting the wider benefits of active transport – health and wellbeing, as well as clean air, reduced congestion etc.
Electric shared mobility
· Electric shared mobility – local and available within 1 mile for everyone
· Finding and agreeing space for vehicles in community takes too long
· Developing business models – takes time
· Interest and demand are there
· Examples / taster sessions to demonstrate what shared mobility is
· Volunteer electric car scheme for health transport (TL)
· Make public / sustainable transport the best option
· Convenient and easy to use public transport
· Prioritise bus transport in its widest sense creating real choice between modes
· Current govt policy lets market decide rather than providing direction
· Ensuring equality from rural to urban communities
· State of public transport assets and infrastructure discourage use
· Negative previous personal experiences
· Lack of political will to support improvement of congestion and air quality
· First and last miles (first and last mile of journeys are
often not accessible by public transport)
· Put off by delays / weather etc
· Integrating / linking forms of transport – multi modal journeys (e.g. Bike spaces on buses – Vancouver)
· Single ticketing across transport types
· Learn from European examples
· Target the easy wins – 20% of drivers open to other transport options, but lacked info and drivers who drive 18 out of 20 journeys with 2 being more sustainable (encourage to increase)
· Young people – positive attitude to carbon and more open minded re alternative forms of transport (car is not their symbol of freedom and independence).
· Remove free travel for pensioners and invest saved costs in infrastructure (EV buses etc – Euro VI tech)
· Trial pilot area now – private individuals currently spend £450m on fuel (in addition to road tax/parking cost) – reallocate through better public transport
· First and last mile – opportunities to engage (bike racks at rural bus stops etc)
· Real time info app which combines weather, times, delays etc, accurate, timely info (my journey Devon@)
· Devising a process for rolling out trials and delivering change more rapidly· Working within a political and public environment· Choose an emblematic project to deliver today to catalyse wider change quickly and without a lot of planning, focus on
simple actions
· Ambitious fiscal incentives for long term sustainable transport – use of walking and cycling networks and other sustainable transport options
· Dis-incentives / tax on polluting activities
· Options for frequent flyer levy
· Work place charging levy to raise resource for infrastructure
· Consider bans on polluting vehicles (diesel) etc.
· Difficult / challenging for local government to implement – damaging politically· Exeter airport – opportunity to implement frequent flyer levies
· Income to invest in positive action in Devon – offsetting / public transport
· Exeter zero-emissions subscription service (WP)
· Devon congestion charge – becoming more common/acceptable to have low emission zones
· Clean air zones
· Electric vehicles
· Greater use of electric vehicles
· Lack of knowledge, myths and mis-conceptions (range,
problems in winter) / charging anxiety
· Vehicle choice / cost / exclusive, not an option for lower income
· No clear strategy on electrification nationally or locally
· Need to better understand charging habits to ensure
grid meets charging needs
· Poor reliability of charging networks – ones that do work
are more expensive superchargers (tesla)
· High profile information campaign re EVs – sell the wider benefits (healthy individuals / healthy communities)
· Supermarket charging
· Greater options from 2019 – more models and choice
· Taster days / opportunity to try new technology
· Cheap overnight tariff to incentivise regular charging and address range anxiety
· Financial incentives on electric vehicles (or dis-incentives) on polluting vehicles
· Ensure policy works to give people options for work place charging (increase uptake)· Rural electrification important / charging infrastructure rurally needs to be subsidised as not likely to be economically viable
· Lack of work place charging
· Financial and technical issues to install
· Ownership vs tenancy a barrier to workplace installation
(owner benefits / tenant has demand)
· Declining petrol use – reduced govt income from tax
· EV does not address congestion
· Incentivise operators of large vehicle fleets
· Incentivise sustainable delivery opportunities
· Support from WPD to install work place charging
· Roaming charger models?
· Easier to introduce congestion charges?
· Communication / behaviour change: Paint a vision and enable people to understand how it will feel and how lives will be better
· Information to people on what better options are, enable them to choose what is right for them, based on real evidence
· Leading from the front – DCC to provide examples
· Everyone has sustainable transport as a priority and ensure it filters down – can do attitude
· People don’t understand the scale of the emergency· But, currently high public awareness of issues and a desire to act
· Many people support the reduction of cars in cities, banning cars outside school gates is more acceptable now
· Harness public opinion into action (70% people in Exeter concerned re air quality – what do they intend to do about it)
· Narrative and awareness – programmes to inform public on what can already be done and enable feedback forums
· Capturing fresh thoughts and new ideas (graduates etc.), giving employees opportunity / space to generate new ideas
· Encouraging businesses to consider transport links and to incentivise sustainable transport, and understand employee concerns· Financial cost to employers
· Lack of perceived benefits
· Employers take responsibility and promote sustainable transport as part of employee induction
· Car parking charges to fund showers / facilities to change at work to support active travel
· Choose location to suit employees, enable public transport by offering backup options to reduce anxiety over reliability of public transport
· Health benefits to employees and to employer
· Lower priorities actions / ideas
· Addressing carbon from freight / deliveries
· Options for agriculture, plant machinery, HGVs
· Lack of incentives to decarbonise
· Lack of EV models for freight and issues with supply
· Future proofing – is hydrogen a better solution
· Difficult to decarbonise, few options, lack of research/evidence
· Bus lanes for freight / deliveries? – already reduce individual journeys so make more efficient
· Incentivise low emission options
· Possible solutions include biomethane, electric tractors etc, needs further research