Mobility

Aim for decarbonisation of transport according to the following priorities:

  1. Reduce the need to travel at all
  2. Increase journeys through sustainable options e.g. active travel, mass/public transport ideally low/no emission options
  3. Electrify what is left

Ensure a just transition – making sustainable options accessible to all including lower income and rural communities.

Public procurement is potentially a key opportunity to promote innovation and sustainability.

Participants

Co-Chairs

Kerry Hayes

Kerry Hayes

Kerry has a broad range of experience from across the renewable energy sector and is the marine and offshore energy sector lead at Regen. Her experience also spans heat networks, energy policy and innovation in the solar sector. Kerry studied Ocean Science and Marine Renewable Energy at the University of Plymouth and has subsequently given lectures on marine energy for postgraduate students as an Associate Lecturer.

Nik Bowyer

Nik Bowyer

Nik is Chair of the Chartered Institution of Highways and Transportation South West Region. He is an Associate Director at AECOM and specialises in strategic transport planning, modelling and transport economics. He studied Geography at the University of Exeter where he specialised in climate change, palaeoclimates and sustainability.

Witnesses

Tim Lamerton, Devon Access to Services

Tim Lamerton

Tim Lamerton has been working with Community Transport in Devon since 2005.  His roles have encompassed transport coordinator, minibus and volunteer car driver and lately (since 2012) as Project Manager for the Devon Access to Services (DAS) with the aim of improving access to information, services and representation.  

A significant part of his work consists of assisting Community Car Schemes across Devon to increase collaborative working and information sharing among themselves and with health and social care providers.  This is achieved via the Devon County Car Forum (currently 60 members in three local Forums who between them provide 140,000 journeys a year, mostly with volunteer drivers). 

Mark Hodgson, Co-Cars

Mark Hodgson

Mark is founder and Managing Director of Co Cars and Co Bikes which is the largest on-demand shared mobility provider for people, communities and businesses in Exeter and the South West. In Exeter, Co Cars currently has 30 hybrid and electric cars available to hire via an App from as little as half an hour. Cars are also available from locations in Cornwall, Plymouth and Salisbury. Co Bikes is the UK’s first on-street, city- wide electric bike network and is currently expanding to almost 100 bikes at 14 locations around Exeter. Co-cars works with cities, developers and local authorities to help develop low and zero carbon mobility provision and partners with railway operators. Together, the cars and bikes form an economical, equitable and low carbon network of shared transport options to help reduce the dependence on private car ownership and creating space for people. Co Cars and Co Bikes is a not-for-profit social enterprise. Mark is also a consultant specialist in the wider shared and circular economy and has worked across the world on sustainable development projects.

Paul Jewell, Western Power Distribution

Paul Jewell

Paul has worked in the electricity industry since graduating in 1988.  He joined the South Western Electricity Board in the nationalised industry, and has experienced the changes through privatisation and market separation.  He remains with his original employer, now Western Power Distribution (WPD) and part of the New York Stock Exchanged listed PPL group.

Paul trained as an operational engineer and experienced all aspects of distribution network maintenance, replacement and construction.  In 1995 he became a Distribution Manager and was responsible for service delivery, operations and performance in a geographical patch which covered most of Devon.

In 2011 Paul left his operational roots to take up responsibility as Policy Manager for WPD.  In this role he brought innovative solutions into a business as usual world whilst retaining the more traditional elements of management of an electricity distribution network.  In 2019 Paul’s focus moved to the new Distribution System Operator (DSO) area for WPD and he is currently DSO Development Manager. Paul is a Chartered Engineer and Fellow of the Institution of Engineering and Technology.

Gabriel Wondrausch, Sungift Energy

Gabriel Wondrausch

Gabriel had a very environmentally-conscious upbringing through his mother and was gifted a creative streak by his grandmother, Mary Wondrausch, who was awarded an OBE for services to the arts. He initially qualified as a renewable installer at another company, but quickly began to feel that there was a gap that could be filled by a better quality offering. So, in 2005, he founded SunGift. Gabriel knew that the industry needed a pioneer, to provide top quality energy installations that were suited to customers’ needs. Driven by this, and believing strongly that renewable energy made sense both environmentally and financially, the rest was a matter of hard work and dedication. Within 4 years, SunGift had won its first award and could properly call itself an industry leader. In 2013, Gabriel’s personal achievements were recognised when he was named Environmental Entrepreneur of the Year at the Devon Environmental and Business Initiative Awards. In some respects it’s been a bumpy journey for renewable energy over the past few years. But, Gabriel’s passion for all things renewable and for remaining at the forefront of the fast-moving clean energy sector, has allowed him to steer SunGift to success. His insight into the sector is second to none and he’s frequently invited to speak at events, both about the industry and entrepreneurship.

William Pratt, Devon County Council

Will Pratt

Will is part of the Devon County Council Transport Planning Team. He leads a team responsible for the Exeter Transport Strategy 2020-2030 and preparing business cases to support the delivery of transport infrastructure in the Exeter and East Devon growth Point area.

Will has previously worked as Highways Development Management Officer for Exeter, involved in a wide range of developments from single dwellings and supermarkets to strategic allocations and IKEA Exeter.

Will is a Chartered Engineer with a BSc in Mathematics from the University of Warwick, an MSc in Transportation Planning and Engineering from the University of Southampton and is a Member of the Chartered Institute of Highways and Transport (MCIHT)

Zsolt Schuller

Zsolt Schuller

Zsolt is a Transport Planner with approaching 20 years experience specialising largely in cycling and sustainable travel. He has a breadth of knowledge and experience ranging from delivery of infrastructure and behaviour change programmes through to organising major events.

Zsolt led Exeter’s Department for Transport funded Cycling Demonstration Town Project between 2006-2011 and then a number of Devon-wide programmes including a project to improve cycling links to Dartmoor National Park. Currently, Zsolt is working on a Sport England funded project in Exeter and Cranbrook leading on an Active Travel and Active Environment theme aimed at encouraging physical activity amongst the most inactive people in the area. He is also a Trustee with The Bikeability Trust, the national charity for the UK government’s cycle education programme.

Tim Burns, Sustrans

Tim Burns

Tim is a Senior Policy Advisor at Sustrans. He also leads Sustrans Bike Life programme, the largest assessment of cycling development in cities in the UK and Ireland. Tim has over 15 years’ experience working in the third sector on a wide-variety of social and environmental issues. Tim has worked across research, behavioural change, design, social-innovation and policy. Tim’s interests lie in how we design better places for people to live in and move around.

Liz O’Driscoll, Exeter City Futures

Liz ODriscoll

Liz is the Managing Director of Exeter City Futures, a community interest company working to deliver a carbon neutral, sustainable, citizen-engaged City of Exeter.

Her current objective is to develop a collaborative roadmap for the City to achieve its carbon neutral aspirations in a way that ensures the City remains a great place to live. With a PhD in Electrical Engineering and over 15 years’ experience working in systems engineering, open innovation, and change management for the public and private sector, Liz works collaboratively to design strategies, systems, and processes that deliver benefit to the people who use them.

Olly Frankland, Regen

Olly Frankland

Olly is a Project Manger at Regen and the Electricity Storage Network. He manages a wide variety of complex projects. He has developed a strong knowledge base in electric vehicles, asset management, community energy, domestic energy storage and microgeneration. He works across a large spectrum of technologies, providing detailed advisory support for the industry, and is involved in supporting the sector to deliver a renewable revolution.

In his spare time he volunteers as a director for Totnes Renewable Energy Society and attempts to run up hills (ideally off-road).

Stewart Barr, University of Exeter

Stewart Barr

Stewart Barr is Professor of Geography at the University of Exeter and has 20 years’ experience as a social science researcher in the field of behavioural change, mobilities and public engagement for sustainability. He has published widely in international and inter-disciplinary journals, contributing to debates on the challenges of embedding sustainable behaviours into everyday practices, most recently in the fields of everyday travel and leisure mobilities.

His most recent research has explored the notion of smart cities and sustainable mobility through a UK Government funded project on Engaged Smart Transport in the city of Exeter. He has also worked with Devon County Council and other partners to develop methods for working with publics to co-produce knowledge about how climate change will impact on the places we live.

Stewart is currently Director of Education in the Geography Department at the University of Exeter and teaches a second year module called Volatile Planet and a final year module on Geographies of Transport and Mobility. He chairs the University’s Sustainability Committee and was the founding co-director of the MSc Sustainable Development at Exeter.

Michael Watson, Stagecoach Group

Michael Watson

Michael Watson began his career in 1996 in the Bus Service Planning department at London Transport. After five years in Planning and Procurement roles, Michael joined Go Ahead subsidiary Metrobus as the Assistant Operations Manager at their Orpington depot. This was followed by spells elsewhere in Go Ahead, in consultancy and then Arriva. In 2012, Mike joined Stagecoach and has performed a variety of Managing Director and Regional Director roles since then. Having previously managed the South West business between 2013 and 2015, Mike has recently returned there as Interim Managing Director, after being Regional Director England and Wales for two years. Mike lives locally in Dawlish with his family.

Key Points Summary

Key Outcomes

  • We need to define emergency – carrying on with ‘business as usual’ procedures and attitudes is not an option
  • We need to consider decarbonisation of transport according to the following hierarchy
    1. First – reduce the need to travel at all
    2. Second – increase journeys through sustainable options e.g. active travel, mass/public transport (ideally low/no emission options)
    3. Third – electrify what is left
  • We must ensure a Just transition – making sustainable options accessible to all including lower income and rural communities
  • Public procurement is potentially a key opportunity to promote innovation and sustainability

Key Actions

Spatial and transport planning better linked with sustainable transport / sense of place as a priority

  • Planning emphasis / local strategic plans less car oriented and focus on the maximum way to reduce car use and block car dependency.
  • New developments foster a sense of place and desire travel less
  • Include transport planning in provision of health services
  • High quality mixed use brown field development

Barriers

  • Political will / barriers to implementation – local officers lack empowerment to make difficult decisions
  • National appeals often overturn local decisions
  • Financial viability
  • Need to plan energy infrastructure for the next 50 years now – based on projected demand
  • Use of sticks to address behaviour can be challenging

Overcoming the Barriers

  • Planning guidance applied to every development from Jan 2020
  • Research to understand what solutions are politically easier to implement
  • Learn from European examples (including role of politicians in advocating change)
  • Can emergency planning powers to overcome national decisions? / Devolution?
  • Draft transport strategy for Exeter – prioritise developments with transport hubs and modal transport systems
  • Crowd source consultations and design
  • Mobility hubs linked to renewable energy
  • Introduce charges for allocated parking space on new developments but provide good public transport links

Delivering real improvements to sustainable travel routes by reallocation of road space

  • Physically segregated walking and cycling (not just lines in the road) – make it safe
  • Better use of filtered permeability
  • More powerfully make the case for reallocation of road space to get schemes over the finish line

Barriers

  • Financial viability
  • Historic infrastructure (Victorian)

Overcoming the Barriers

  • Learn from European examples (including role of politicians in advocating change)
  • Reallocating spending for road improvements on sustainable travel routes instead – planning streets for people not cars
  • Promoting the wider benefits of active transport – health and wellbeing, as well as clean air, reduced congestion etc

Electric shared mobility

Electric shared mobility – local and available within 1 mile for everyone

Barriers

  • Finding and agreeing space for vehicles in community take too long
  • Developing business models – takes time

Overcoming the Barriers

  • Interest and demand are there
  • Examples / taster sessions to demonstrate what shared mobility is
  • Volunteer electric car scheme for health transport (TL)

Make public / sustainable transport the best option

  • Convenient and easy to use public transport
  • Prioritise bus transport in its widest sense creating real choice between modes

Barriers

  • Current govt policy lets market decide rather than providing direction
  • Ensuring equality from rural to urban communities
  • State of public transport assets and infrastructure discourage use
  • Negative previous personal experiences
  • Lack of political will to support improvement of congestion and air quality
  • First and last milers (first and last mile of journeys are often not accessible by public transport
  • Put off by delays / weather etc

Overcoming the Barriers

  • Integrating / linking forms of transport – multi modal journeys (e.g. Bike spaces on buses – Vancouver)
  • Single ticking across transport types
  • Learn from European examples
  • Target the easy wins
  • 20% drivers open to other transport options, but lacked info and drivers who drive 18 out of 20 journeys with 2 being more sustainable (encourage to increase)
  • Young people – positive attitude to carbon and more open minded re alternative forms of transport (car is not their symbol of freedom and independence).
  • Remove free travel for pensioners and invest saved costs in infrastructure (EV buses etc – Euro VI tech)
  • Trial pilot area now – private individual currently spend £450m on fuel (in addition to road tax/parking cost) – reallocate through better public transport.
  • First and last miler – opportunities to engage (bike racks at rural bus stops etc)
  • Real time info app which combines weather, times, delays etc, accurate, timely info (my journey Devon@)

Devising a process for rolling out trials and delivering change more rapidly

Barriers

  • Working within a political and public environment

Overcoming the Barriers

  • Choose an emblematic project to deliver today to catalyse wider change quickly and without a lot of planning, focus on simple actions

Ambitious fiscal incentives for long term sustainable transport

Use of walking and cycling networks and other sustainable transport options Dis-incentives / tax on polluting activities

  • Options for frequent flyer levy
  • Work place charging levy to raise resource for infrastructure
  • Consider bans on polluting vehicles (diesel) etc.

Barriers

  • Difficult / challenging for local government to implement – damaging politically

Overcoming the Barriers

  • Exeter airport – opportunity to implement frequent flyer levies
  • Income to invest in positive action in Devon – offsetting / public transport
  • Exeter zero-emissions subscription service (WP)
  • Devon congestion charge – becoming more common/acceptable to have low emission zones
  • Clean air zones

Electric vehicles

  • Greater use of electric vehicles
  • Ensure policy works to give people options for work place charging (increase uptake)

Barriers

  • Lack of knowledge, myths and mis-conceptions (range, problems in winter) / charging anxiety
  • Vehicle choice / cost / exclusive, not an option for lower income
  • No clear strategy on electrification nationally or locally
  • Need to better understand charging habits to ensure grid meets charging needs
  • Poor reliability of charging networks – ones that do work are more expensive superchargers (tesla)
  • Rural electrification important / charging infrastructure rurally needs to be subsidised as not likely to be economically viable.
  • Lack of work place charging
  • Financial and technical issues to install
  • Ownership vs tenancy a barrier to workplace installation (owner benefits / tenant has demand)
  • Declining petrol use – reduce govt income from tax
  • EV does not address congestions

Overcoming the Barriers

  • High profile information campaign re EVs – sell the wider benefits (healthy individuals / healthy communities)
  • Supermarket charging
  • Greater options from 2019 – more models and choice
  • Taster days / opportunity to try new technology
  • Cheap overnight tariff to incentivise regular charging and address range anxiety
  • Financial incentives on electric vehicles (or dis-incentives on polluting vehicles
  • Incentivise operators of large vehicle fleets
  • Incentivise sustainable delivery opportunities
  • Support from WPD to install work place charging
  • Roaming charger models?
  • Easier to introduce congestion charges?

Communication / behaviour change

Paint a vision and enable people to understand how it will feel and how lives will be better

  • Information to people on what better options are, enable them to choose what is right for them, based on real evidence
  • Leading from the front – DCC to provide examples
  • Everyone has sustainable transport as a priority and ensure it filters down – can do attitude

Barriers

  • People don’t understand the scale of the emergency

Overcoming the Barriers

  • But, currently high public awareness of issues and a desire to act
  • Many people support the reduction of cars in cities, banning cars outside school gates is more acceptable now
  • Harness public opinion into action (70% people in Exeter concerned re air quality – what do they intend to do about it)
  • Narrative and awareness – programmes to inform public on what can already be done and enable feedback forums.
  • Capturing fresh thoughts and new ideas (graduates etc), giving employees opportunity / space to generate new ideas

Encouraging businesses

Encouraging businesses to consider transport links and to incentivise sustainable transport, and understand employee concerns

Barriers

  • Financial cost to employers
  • Lack of perceived benefits

Overcoming the Barriers

  • Employers take responsibility and promote sustainable transport as part of employee induction
  • Car parking charges to fund showers / facilities to change at work to support active travel
  • Choose location to suit employees, enable public transport by offering backup options to reduce anxiety over reliability of public transport
  • Health benefits to employees and to employer

Lower priorities actions / ideas

  • Addressing carbon from freight / deliveries
  • Options for agriculture, plant machinery, HGVs

Barriers

  • Lack of incentives to decarbonise
  • Lack of EV models for freight and issues with supply
  • Future proofing – is hydrogen a better solution
  • Difficult to decarbonise, few options, lack of research/evidence

Overcoming the Barriers

  • Bus lanes for freight / deliveries? – already reduce individual journeys so make more efficient
  • Incentivise low emission options
  • Possible solutions include biomethane, electric tractors etc, needs further research.

Download PDF summary of the key outcomes here.

Watch the entire hearing on YouTube here.